By Katherine Knapp, Shay Seibert, Kelcy Cullison
University of Southern Indiana
Over 1 million patients admitted to the hospital have a primary diagnosis of heart failure. After years of health promotion regarding heart failure, the incidence and mortality rate have changed very little (Vaduganathan & Gheorghiade, 2014). There are more than 550,000 new cases each year, and survival rates decrease as a patient ages (Roger, 2013). This article will discuss heart failure, signs and symptoms, prevention, and risk factors for this chronic disease.